The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

29 May 1972

History

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada (CMAC) is an evangelical denomination rooted in the vision of a Canadian Presbyterian minister, A. B. (Albert Benjamin) Simpson (1843-1919). After serving prestigious pastorates in Louisville KY (1874-1879) and New York City (1879-1881) Simpson left the Presbyterian Church to found a ministry in New York City to “the poor and neglected masses.” The fruit of these labors was the Gospel Tabernacle. Out of the Gospel Tabernacle emerged two fraternal organizations for the promotion of evangelism and “the higher Christian life”: The Christian Alliance, for North American initiatives, and the Evangelical Missionary Alliance (later the International Missionary Alliance) for mission work—both of which began in 1887. That same year, John Salmon founded Bethany Chapel, an independent work along the same lines, in Toronto. Shortly thereafter it became affiliated with the Christian Alliance. By 1889 other what became the first Alliance church in Canada, Bethany Tabernacle, in Toronto. By the 1920s the C&MA had taken root in both the United States and Canada. The best-known figure in the C&MA in the post-Simpson era was A. W. (Aiden Wilson) Tozer (1898-1963), whose devotional writings had an influence far beyond the Alliance.
In the 1960’s and 1970’s the Canadian C&MA churches began to advocate for autonomy from the American church. At the same time, The Christian and Missionary Alliance wanted its Canadian churches to have a national identity, so it proposed that they be incorporated as a national body. The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada was officially incorporated in Canada on 29 May 1972. It became known as the "Canadian Corporation," and its chief role was to serve as a liaison for Canadian affairs with the Division of North American Ministries of the Christian and Missionary Alliance. The movement for self-government continued to gain momentum, and autonomy was finally achieved on 1 January 1981. The CMAC established its own missionary sending agency in 1998. The presidents of the denomination to date have been, Melvin P. Sylvester (1981-1992), Arnold Cook (1992-2000), Franklin Pyles (2000-2012), and David Hearn (2012-present). The American C&MA and the CMAC continue to maintain a close collaborative relationship.
The CMAC is committed to: the glory of the triune God, the authority of the Bible, Christ-centred living, the Church, evangelization (both at home and abroad) leadership, strategic cooperation, social responsibility, stewardship, and prayer.
From the beginning, the organization has been fervent about ministry and mission work, both overseas and at home. In the early years, saddle-bag preachers visited homesteads in Western Canada, while evangelists conducted large-scale campaigns in the East. By 1926, there were 23 churches in Canada, and by 2013 at least 430 (including many multicultural congregations), with more than 106,000 adherents. These local churches are organized by geographic region: the Canadian Pacific District (CPD), covering British Columbia and the Yukon; the Western Canadian District (WCD), encompassing Alberta and the Northwest Territories; the Canadian Midwest District (CMD), serving Saskatchewan, Manitoba, the portion of Ontario west of the 90th meridian, and Nunavut; the Central Canadian District (CCD) for Western Ontario; the St. Lawrence District (SLD) for Quebec; and the Eastern Canadian District (ECD), covering eastern Ontario and the Atlantic Provinces. The District Superintendent for each region works with a team to provide churches with resources and guidance “in the areas of church growth, leadership, Christian education, missions conferences, multicultural ministries, pastoral care, and church planting. The district office also oversees the licensing, ordination and supervision of its workers.” Canadian ministries highlight the needs of men, women, youth, children, and multicultural congregations. The CMAC is involved in justice and compassion work in Canada and in dozens of countries around the world.
The need for trained workers led to the establishment of the Western Canadian Bible Institute in Regina in 1941. Currently, most CMAC leaders are trained at one of two affiliated institutions: Ambrose University College, The Christian and Missionary Alliance Bible College and Seminary, in Calgary; or or ÉTEQ (École de théologie évangélique du Québec) a Montreal-based Bible college (a joint venture with the Mennonite Brethren) for workers going into French-speaking communities. In 2004, the international ministries were organized into the Four “S” Ventures: Asian Spice; Caribbean Sun (Central and South America); Desert Sand (the arid Muslim countries of North Africa); and Silk Road (from Turkey to Iran and Tajikistan to northwest China). Canadian Alliance churches are actively involved in supporting their missionaries and ministries both financially and in prayer, aiming to empower all members as emissaries of Christ. The head office of the CMAC is in Toronto.

Places

Canada

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada is an evangelical Christian denomination. It has close fraternal relations with the Christian and Missionary Alliance and is a member of the Alliance World fellowship.

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Henry, Robert, 28 June 1933- (28 June 1933-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Henry, Robert, 28 June 1933- is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1978-1979, 1984-1985?

Description of relationship

Preaching pastor Sevenoaks Alliance Church (Abbotsford, B.C.), Tenth Avenue Alliance Church (Vancouver, B.C.)

Related entity

Canadian Theological Seminary (June 1982-1 May 2007)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Theological Seminary was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1982-06-01 - 2007-04-30

Description of relationship

The official graduate training institution of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Related entity

Canadian Theological College (September 1970-June 1982)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Theological College was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1981-01-01 - 1982-07-01

Description of relationship

The official graduate theological training institution of the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Related entity

Canadian Bible College (10 April 1957-September 2006)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Bible College was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1981-01-01 - 2006-09-01

Description of relationship

Canadian Bible College was the official ministerial training college of the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada from 1 January 1981 until September 2006, when it became the undergraduate ministry program of Alliance University College/Nazarene University College

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Eastern and Central Canadian District (1 January 1981-1995)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Eastern and Central Canadian District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1981-01-01 - 1995

Description of relationship

An administrative Jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada that was split into The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Eastern Canadian District and The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Central Canadian District in 1995

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance (1 April 1897-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance controls The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1972-05-29 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance In Canada was officially incorporated in Canada on 29 May 1972, but it did not become an autonomous organization until 1 January 1981.

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Western Canadian District (1 January 1981-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Western Canadian District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Western Canadian District is an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Canadian Midwest District (1 January 1981-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Canadian Midwest District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada--Canadian Midwest District is an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Related entity

Frost, James, 1931- (1931-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Frost, James, 1931- is the subordinate of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

1957 - 1995

Description of relationship

pastor

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Canadian Pacific District (1 January 1981-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Canadian Pacific District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Pacific District became an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada at on 1 January 1981.

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Ambrose Archives

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Maintenance notes

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