The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1 April 1897-

History

The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA) is an evangelical Christian denomination dedicated to the promulgation of the fourfold Gospel. Christ as Savior, Sanctifier, Healer, and Coming King. It is rooted in the vision of a Canadian Presbyterian minister, A. B. (Albert Benjamin) Simpson (1843-1919). After serving prestigious pastorates in Louisville KY (1874-1879) and New York City (1879-1881) Simpson left the Presbyterian Church to found a ministry in New York City to “the poor and neglected masses.” The fruit of these labors was the Gospel Tabernacle. Out of the Gospel Tabernacle emerged two fraternal organizations for the promotion of evangelism and “the higher Christian life.”

The International Missionary Alliance (IMA) was founded in 1887 as the Evangelical Missionary Alliance (EMA). Its major object was "to carry the Gospel 'to all nations', with special reference to the need of the destitute and unoccupied fields." It sought "to unite all Christians of evangelical denominations in its work." The organization’s name was changed to the International Missionary Alliance on its incorporation in November 1887 (Alliance Yearbook 1888, p. 52-55).

The Christian Alliance, which was also founded in 1887, saw itself as a "fraternal union of believers in cordial harmony with evangelical Christians of every name." It was responsible to hold annual conventions and form local "branches". These were seen as fellowships, not as churches, for the purpose of bearing testimony to the Fourfold Gospel, diffusing its truths, providing community for those who believed them, and praying for the evangelization of the world. (Alliance Yearbook 1888, p. 48-51).

On 31 March, 1897, the boards of the two organizations authorized a merger; it was made law on 1 April 1897 by a special act of the New York legislature and ratified by a special convention held 14-18 April at the Gospel Tabernacle. The aims of the newly-minted Christian and Missionary Alliance combined those of the original bodies: (as stated by the Fraternal Letter that resulted from the 1898 annual convention) the C&MA was "to preach a full Gospel at home and send missionaries; to carry the same glad tidings to the unevangelized regions beyond; to preserve our non-sectarian and interdenominational attitude; to study to confine the [administrative] machinery to that which is necessary…." (Pardington, George P. Twenty-five Wonderful Years, p. 74, 75).

By the 1920s the C&MA had taken root in both the United States and Canada. The best-known figure in the C&MA in the post-Simpson era was A. W. (Aiden Wilson) Tozer (1898-1963), whose devotional writings had an influence far beyond the Alliance. The C&MA officially became a denomination in 1974. Its missionary efforts have been quite successful: the Alliance now has around 6 million adherents worldwide, of whom only about 600,000 reside in Canada or the United States. The Alliance World Fellowship (AWF), a non-legislative body, was formed in 1975 "to facilitate cooperation among [these] churches as they work for the fulfillment of the Great Commission" (AWF website).

Places

New York, NY, 1897-1974
Nyack, NY, 1974-1989
Colorado Springs, CO, 1989-

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Midwest District (1 January 1964-1 January 1981)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1964-01-01 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Midwest District was an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance form its inception on 1 January 1964 until the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada received its autonomy on 1 January 1981, at which point it became The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Canadian Midwest District.

Related entity

Henry, Robert, 28 June 1933- (28 June 1933-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Henry, Robert, 28 June 1933- is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1956 - 1984

Description of relationship

Robert Henry served as a missionary and administrator of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1956-1984

Related entity

Patterson, Ruth, 1924- (1924-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Patterson, Ruth, 1924- is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1952 - 1991

Description of relationship

Ruth Patterson was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Related entity

Sawin, John Staples, 1915-2003 (1915-25 November 2003)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Sawin, John Staples, 1915-2003 is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1942 - 1992

Description of relationship

John Sawin served the C&MA as a missionary, pastor, instructor, and archivist from 1942-1992

Related entity

Tozer, A. W. (Aiden Wilson) (21 April 1897-13 May 1963)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Tozer, A. W. (Aiden Wilson) is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1921 - 1963

Description of relationship

A. W. Tozer served in various capacities with the Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1921 until his death in 1963

Related entity

Stoesz, Samuel J. (1922-2011) (30 January 1922-12 October 2011)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Stoesz, Samuel J. (1922-2011) is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Sam Stoesz served as a pastor, instructor, and administrator with the C&MA

Related entity

Oldfield, Walter H. (Walter Herbert), 1879-1958 (1879-1958)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Oldfield, Walter H. (Walter Herbert), 1879-1958 is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Walter H. Oldfield served in Guangxi, China as a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Related entity

Oldfield, Mabel Dimock, 1878-1965 (1878-1965)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Oldfield, Mabel Dimock, 1878-1965 is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Reimer, Reg, 1940- (1940-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Reimer, Reg, 1940- is the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Reg Reimer worked as a C&MA missionary in Vietnam and Southeast Asia from 1966-1983. He was thereafter seconded to Christian relief organizations working in the area.

Related entity

Simpson, A. B. (Albert Benjamin) (15 December 1843-29 October 1919)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1897

Description of relationship

A. B. Simpson, founder of the Christian and Missionary Alliance, served as its president from its inception on 1 April 1897 until his death on 29 October 1919

Related entity

Funé, Myrtle (3 April 1905-1 February 1992)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Funé, Myrtle was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1935 - 1970

Description of relationship

Myrtle and her husband Jean served in Indochina as missionaries of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1935-1970.

Related entity

Post, Walter (14 January 1904-1982)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Post, Walter was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1931 - 1972

Description of relationship

Walter Post was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1931-1972.

Related entity

Roffe, G. E. (George Edward) (1 February 1905-14 September 2000)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Roffe, G. E. (George Edward) was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1929 - 1975

Description of relationship

G. E. Roffe served as a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1929-1975

Related entity

Roffe, Thelma Wilhelmine (1907-1999)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Roffe, Thelma Wilhelmine was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1929 - 1975

Description of relationship

Thelma Wilhelmine Roffe served as a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1929-1975

Related entity

Funé, Jean (18 May 1902-5 January 2000)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Funé, Jean was a missionary of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1928 - 1975

Description of relationship

Jean Funé served as a missionary and pastor with The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1928-1975.

Related entity

Canadian Theological College (September 1970-June 1982)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Theological College was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1970-09-01 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The official graduate theological training institution in Canada of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Related entity

Canadian Bible College (10 April 1957-September 2006)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Bible College was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1957-04-10 - 2006-01-01

Description of relationship

Canadian Bible College was the official Canadian ministerial training college of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 10 April 1957 to 1 January 1981, when it passed into the control of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada.

Related entity

Canadian Bible Institute (October 1941-September 1945)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Bible Institute was a school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1941-10-01 - 1945-09-01

Description of relationship

Although founded in 1941, Canadian Bible Institute (Regina) was not officially recognized by The Christian and Missionary Alliance until 1945, when it changed its name to Western Canadian Bible Institute

Related entity

Railton, Marguerite (1904-1998)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Railton, Marguerite was the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1935 - 1971

Description of relationship

Marguerite Railton served as a pastor/evangelist with The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1935-1971.

Related entity

Hull, Marion (1901-1994)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Hull, Marion was the employee of The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1935 - 1971

Description of relationship

Marion Hull served as a pastor/evangelist of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1935-1971

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada (29 May 1972)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1972-05-29 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance In Canada was officially incorporated in Canada on 29 May 1972, but it did not become an autonomous organization until 1 January 1981.

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Pacific District (1 January 1979-1 January 1981)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Pacific District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1979-01-01 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Canadian Pacific District was an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1 January 1979 until The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada attained autonomy on 1 January 1981

Related entity

Western Canadian Bible Institute (September 1945-10 April 1957)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Western Canadian Bible Institute is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1945-09-01 - 1957-04-10

Description of relationship

Founded in Regina, Saskatchewan in 1941 as Canadian Bible Institute, Western Canadian Bible Institute became an officially recognized school of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in 1945. The Institute changed its name to Canadian Bible College on 10 April 1957.

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Western Canadian District (1925-1 January 1981)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Western Canadian District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1925 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Western Canadian District was an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 1925 until the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada achieved autonomy on 1 January 1981. On that date it became The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Canada-Western Canadian District.

Related entity

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Eastern and Central Canadian District (1925-1 January 1981)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

The Christian and Missionary Alliance-Eastern and Central Canadian District is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1925 - 1981-01-01

Description of relationship

From its incorporation in 1925 until the Christian and Missionary Alliance In Canada achieved autonomy on 1 January 1981, the Eastern and Central Canadian District was an administrative jurisdiction of The Christian and Missionary Alliance.

Related entity

Canadian Bible Institute (15 September 1924 - July 1929)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Canadian Bible Institute is controlled by The Christian and Missionary Alliance

Dates of the relationship

1924-09-15 - 1929-07-01

Description of relationship

Canadian Bible Institute was the official ministerial training school of the Canadian churches of The Christian and Missionary Alliance from 15 September 1924 until its closure in July 1929

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Ambrose Archives

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Maintenance notes

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